Family Disaster Plan
Families should be prepared for all hazards that affect their area. NOAA's National Weather Service, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and the American Red Cross urge each family to develop a family disaster plan. Where will your family be when disaster strikes? They could be anywhere – at work, at school, or in the car. How will you find each other? Will you know if your children are safe? Disasters may force you to evacuate your neighborhood or confine you to your home. What would you do if basic services – water, gas, electricity or telephones – were cut off?
Developing a Disaster Plan
Follow these basic steps to develop a family disaster plan:
- Gather information about hazards. Contact your local National Weather Service office, emergency management or civil defense office, and American Red Cross chapter. Find out what type of disasters could occur and how you should respond. Learn your community's warning signals and evacuation plans.
- Meet with your family to create a plan. Discuss the information you have gathered. Pick two places to meet: a spot outside your home for an emergency, such as fire, and a place away from your neighborhood in case you can't return home. Choose an out-of-state friend as your "family check-in contact" for everyone to call if the family gets separated. Discuss what you would do if advised to evacuate.
- Implement your plan.
- Post emergency telephone numbers by phones.
- Install safety features in your house, such as smoke detectors and fire extinguishers.
- Inspect your home for potential hazards (such as items that can move, fall, break, or catch fire) and correct them.
- Have your family learn basic safety measures, such as CPR and first aid; how to use a fire extinguisher; and how and when to turn off water, gas, and electricity in your home.
- Teach children how and when to call 911 or your local Emergency Medical Services number.
- Keep enough supplies in your home to meet your needs for at least three days. Assemble a disaster supplies kit with items you may need in case of an evacuation. Store these supplies in sturdy, easy-to-carry containers, such as backpacks or duffel bags. Keep important family documents in a waterproof container. Keep a smaller disaster supplies kit in the trunk of your car.
- Practice and maintain your plan. Ask questions to make sure your family remembers meeting places, phone numbers, and safety rules. Conduct drills. Test your smoke detectors monthly and change the batteries at least once a year. Test and recharge your fire extinguisher according to manufacturer's instructions. Replace stored water and food every six months.
Making a Disaster Kit
A disaster supplies kit should include:
- A three-day supply of water (one gallon per person per day) and food that won't spoil
- One change of clothing and footwear per person
- One blanket or sleeping bag per person
- A first-aid kit, including prescription medicines
- Emergency tools, including a battery-powered NOAA weather radio, and a portable radio, flashlight, and plenty of extra batteries
- An extra set of car keys and a credit card or cash
- Special items for infant, elderly, or disabled family members